Elpitiya is easily accessible from the Colombo - Galle main road and is about 16 km (10 miles) from Ambalangoda. Also there are 3 other access roads from the Colombo - Galle main road at Bentota, Kosgoda and Ahungalla. Elpitiya is well known for its finest production of Cinnamon and Low Grown Tea. Tea, Rubber, Cinnamon and Rice are the main products in the area. There are more than a dozen of tea factories in the area and one Rubber factory.
The town is believed to be originated as a result of Plantation industry and since gradually expanded to its current state. Now it is one of the biggest towns in the district and still see a fast expansion, mainly due to the new Southern Highway.